The part of Half the Sky that we watched in class really opened my eyes to what is happening to so many women in the world today. I had heard of female genital mutilation, but I did not realize what it actually involved. I knew it had been used at one time, but I did not realize that cultures still did it in the same horrific way that it has been done for thousands of years. I did not fully understand that it was actually the complete removal of a sex organ and altering of the vaginal area. The act is said to be done to keep females from sexual desires as well as increase fidelity and fertility. I believe it is done solely for male pleasure. In these countries, females are not seen as equals. Many believe their purpose in life is to please their husbands. Young parents make the decision to do these acts in the hopes of their daughter being able to please a man to become her husband. In reality, they are mutilating her body to set her up for a lifelong battle with menstruation problems, infection, and possible death during childbirth. This disfigurement causes far more complications than advantages no matter what culture you are a part of. I find it so sad that these people lack so much medical knowledge that they would continue to do this to their daughters after it had already been done to them. Without FGM, there would be far more women and children in the world. I am really glad we watched part of this film and I look forward to possibly buying the book and watching the rest of the documentary.